Dr. Maria Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, Ancona on 31 August 1870. In 1896 she became the first woman in Italy to obtain a Doctor of Medicine degree.
1896 At that time began M.Montessori’s interest in the education of children with developmental disabilities. Meanwhile she intensively studied the work of Jean- Marc- Gaspard Itard and Eduard Seguin who shared her view i.e. ‘mental deficiency was a pedagogical problem rather than a medical one’ and that ‘ with special educational treatment, their mental condition could be immensely ameliorated.’ Slowly she became convinced that similar methods applied to normal children would lead to a mental awakening and a beneficial modifying action in them also.
1909 Dr. Montessori gave the first training course for 100 students and a year later her book L’Antropologia Pedagogica was published.
1911 The Montessori method had already been put into practice in English and Argentinean schools. Model schools opened in Paris, New York, and Boston. This year Dr. Montessori resigned from her other jobs and dedicated herself to working on and spreading her method. The international interest in her approach grew after the translation into English of her first book.
The first Casa dei Bambini (Children’s House) was opened officially on January 6th 1907, in San Lorenzo in Rome. The first principles were established
1913 The first international course was held in Rome and a Montessori committee was set up. A Montessori Educational Association was founded in the United States. The same year she traveled and lectured for the first time in the US.
1916 Dr. Montessori moved to Barcelona to set up a model school, a children’ s chapel as well as a teacher training institute. Her third book The Advanced Montessori Method appeared the same year.
1919 The future standard course format of teaching, lectures and observation was introduced.
1920-26 Dr. Maria Montessori held courses and lectures in Italy, Spain, France and Germany. Three years later, Maria and Mario Montessori founded the Association Montessori Internationale (1929) initially with headquarters in Berlin and after 1935 in Amsterdam. The first international Montessori congress was held in Denmark.
“Free the child’s potential, and you will transform him into the world!”
1933 The Nazis closed all Montessori schools and destroyed the movement in Germany.
1936-39 M. Montessori lived in Amsterdam. Her book the Secret of Childhood was published in London. After that she went to India with her son’s family and extended her visit until 1945 due to the war. She held training courses and developed the concept of cosmic education in conjunction with her son. Dr. Montessori became very interested into infancy and language development.
1948 From Childhood to Adolescence was published and a year later The Absorbent Mind.
1951 Dr.Montessori’s last course was held in Innsbruck. 6 May, 1952 She died in Nordwijk aan Zee and was buried in a local Catholic cemetery.
1949, 1950, 1951 Dr. Maria Montessori was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize
After 1956 The first course of the Assistants to Infancy was offered, the American Montessori Society was founded, the Mario Montessori 75 Fund was created to support the training of Montessori trainers
1974 The first AMI training of trainers program was established.
2007 We celebrated the centenarian anniversary of the first Casa dei Bambini. At present more than 22 000 Montessori schools exist in over 110 countries.